Neuroprotective effects of paeoniflorin against neuronal oxidative stress and neuroinflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide in miceopen access
- Meng, H.W.; Lee, A.Y.; Kim, H.Y.; Cho, E.J.; Kim, J.H.
- Issue Date
- Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry
- Alzheimer’s disease; Lipopolysaccharide; Neuroinflammation; Oxidative stress; Paeoniflorin
- Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry, v.65, no.1, pp.23 - 31
- Journal Title
- Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
- Start Page
- End Page
- Oxidative stress and neuroinflammation play important roles in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study investigated the protective effects of paeoniflorin (PF) against neuronal oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mice. The brains of LPS-injected control group showed significantly increased neuroinflammation by activating the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway and increasing inflammatory mediators. However, administration of PF significantly attenuated oxidative stress by inhibiting lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide levels, and reactive oxygen species production in the brain; PF at doses of 5 and 10 mg/kg/day downregulated the expression of NF-κB pathway-related proteins and significantly decreased inflammatory mediators including inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2. Moreover, the levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and its receptor, tropomycin receptor kinase B, were significantly increased in PFtreated mice. Furthermore, acetylcholinesterase activity and the ration of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bcl-2 associated X were significantly reduced by PF in the brains of LPS-induced mice, resulting in the inhibition of cholinergic dysfunction and neuronal apoptosis. Thus, we can conclude that administration of PF to mice prevents the development of LPS-induced AD pathology through the inhibition of neuronal oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, suggesting that PF has a therapeutic potential for AD. ? The Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry 2022.
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- 자연과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal Articles
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