Immature Persimmon Suppresses Amyloid Beta (A beta) Mediated Cognitive Dysfunction via Tau Pathology in ICR Miceopen access
- Yoo, Seul-Ki; Kim, Jong-Min; Lee, Uk; Kang, Jin-Yong; Park, Seon-Kyeong; Han, Hye-Ju; Park, Hyo-Won; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Kim, Chul-Woo; Kim, Mahn-Jo; Heo, Ho-Jin
- Issue Date
- immature persimmon; Diospyros kaki; amyloid beta; cognitive dysfunction; tau pathway
- CURRENT ISSUES IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, v.43, no.1, pp.405 - 422
- Journal Title
- CURRENT ISSUES IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- This study confirmed the ameliorating effect of immature persimmon (Diospyros kaki) ethanolic extract (IPEE) on neuronal cytotoxicity in amyloid beta (A beta)(1-)(42)-induced ICR mice. The administration of IPEE ameliorated the cognitive dysfunction in A beta(1-)(42)-induced mice by improving the spatial working memory, the short-term and long-term memory functions. IPEE protected the cerebral cholinergic system, such as the acetylcholine (ACh) level and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and antioxidant system, such as the superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents. In addition, mitochondrial dysfunction against A beta(1-)(42)-induced toxicity was reduced by regulating the reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential and ATP contents. In addition, IPEE regulated the expression levels of tau signaling, such as TNF-alpha, p-JNK, p-Akt, p-GSK3 beta, p-tau, p-NF-kappa B, BAX and caspase 3. Finally, gallic acid, ellagic acid and quercetin 3-O-(6 ''-acetyl-glucoside) were identified as the physiological compounds of IPEE using ultra-performance liquid chromatography ion mobility separation quadrupole time-of-flight/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC IMS Q-TOF/MS2).
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