Membrane-Free Stem Cells and Pyridoxal 5 '-Phosphate Synergistically Enhance Cognitive Function in Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Modelopen access
- Choi, Ji Myung; Park, Hye Sook; He, Mei Tong; Kim, Young Sil; Kim, Hyun Young; Lee, Ah Young; Cho, Eun Ju
- Issue Date
- membrane-free stem cell; pyridoxal 5 ' -phosphate; amyloid beta; Alzheimer' s disease; cognitive ability
- ANTIOXIDANTS, v.11, no.3
- Journal Title
- Accumulation of amyloid beta (A beta) is a major pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we evaluated the protective effect of membrane-free stem cell extract (MFSCE), which is a component of adipose-tissue-derived stem cells, on cognitive impairment in A beta(25)(-)(35)-injected AD mice. The ICR mice were i.c.v. injected with A beta(25)(-)(35) and then treated with MFSCE for 14 days (i.p.). The A beta(25)(-)(35)-injected mice showed deficits in spatial and object perception abilities, whereas treatment with MFSCE inhibited A beta(25)(-)(35)-induced learning and memory impairment in the T-maze, novel object recognition, and Morris water maze tests. Moreover, A beta(25)(-)(35)-induced lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide overproduction were attenuated by treatment with MFSCE. These antioxidant effects of MFSCE were related to the inhibition of the apoptotic signaling pathway. In particular, the combination treatment of MFSCE and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) showed greater suppression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 protein expression compared to the MFSCE- or PLP-only treatment. Furthermore, the MFSCE and PLP combination significantly downregulated the amyloidogenic-pathway-related protein expressions, such as amyloid precursor protein, presenilin 1, and presenilin 2. Therefore, the MFSCE and PLP combination may synergistically prevent A beta(25)(-)(35)-induced neuronal apoptosis and amyloidogenesis, which contributes to cognitive improvement and has potential therapeutic implications for AD patients.
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- 자연과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal Articles
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