Non-nutritive Sweeteners and Glycaemic Control
- Kim, Yoona; Keogh, Jennifer B.; Clifton, Peter M.
- Issue Date
- CURRENT MEDICINE GROUP
- Non-nutritive sweeteners; Glucose; T2DM
- CURRENT ATHEROSCLEROSIS REPORTS, v.21, no.12
- Journal Title
- CURRENT ATHEROSCLEROSIS REPORTS
- Purpose of Review The consumption of foods and beverages containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS) has increased worldwide over the last three decades. Consumers' choice of NNS rather than sugar or other nutritive sweeteners may be attributable to their potential to reduce weight gain. Recent Findings It is not clear what the effects of NNS consumption are on glycaemic control and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. This review aims to examine this question in epidemiological, human intervention and animal studies. It is not clear that NNS consumption has an effect on the incidence of type 2 diabetes or on glycaemic control even though there is some evidence for the modification of the microbiome and for interaction with sweet taste receptors in the oral cavity and the intestines' modification of secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), ghrelin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), which may affect glycaemia following consumption of NNS. In conclusion, long-term studies of NNS consumption are required to draw a firm conclusion about the role of NNS consumption on glycaemic control.
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- 자연과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal Articles
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