Effect of UV-C irradiation on inactivation of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus and quality parameters of roasted coffee bean (Coffea arabica L.)
- Byun, Kye-Hwan; Park, Shin Young; Lee, Dong Un; Chun, Hyang Sook; Ha, Sang-Do
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- TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
- UV-C irradiation; Aspergillus flavus; Aspergillus parasiticus; roasted coffee beans; quality
- FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT, v.37, no.3, pp.507 - 518
- Journal Title
- FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS PART A-CHEMISTRY ANALYSIS CONTROL EXPOSURE & RISK ASSESSMENT
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- End Page
- This study investigated the antifungal effect of ultraviolet-C (UV-C) against Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus on roasted coffee beans. Also, any changes in the quality of the roasted coffee beans were measured after UV-C irradiation. As UV-C irradiation time increased (0-2 h), the number of surviving A. flavus and A. parasiticus spores significantly (P < .05) decreased. The reduction values of A. flavus in round part, crack part, and whole roasted coffee beans were 2.16, 0.71, and 1.58 log(10) CFU g(-1), respectively, and the reduction values of A. parasiticus in round part, crack part, and whole roasted coffee beans were 1.03, 0.37, and 0.72 log(10) CFU g(-1), respectively, after 2 h of UV-C irradiation. Field emission scanning electron microscopy showed that the morphology of A. flavus and A. parasiticus spores included expanded wrinkles that were deformed by UV-C irradiation. The Hunter colours were significantly reduced (P < .05). There was no significant change (P > .05) in moisture content, but the pH was significantly decreased (P < .05). Most of the sensory parameters did not change, but there was a significant difference (P < .05) in flavour. Based on this study, 2 h of UV-C irradiation was effective in reducing 90% of A. flavus, but it was not effective against A. parasiticus present on roasted coffee beans. Also, Hunter colour, pH, and sensory parameters (flavour) were changed by UV-C irradiation.
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