Contact Engineering of Layered MoS2 via Chemically Dipping Treatments
- Bang, Seungho; Lee, Sangyeob; Rai, Amritesh; Duong, Ngoc Thanh; Kawk, Iljo; Wolf, Steven; Chung, Choong-Heui; Banerjee, Sanjay K.; Kummel, Andrew C.; Jeong, Mun Seok; Park, Jun Hong
- Issue Date
- WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
- contact engineering; oxide defects; surface science; transition metal dichalcogenides; two-step chemical functionalization
- ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v.30, no.16
- Journal Title
- ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS
- The performance of electronic/optoelectronic devices is governed by carrier injection through metal-semiconductor contact; therefore, it is crucial to employ low-resistance source/drain contacts. However, unintentional introduction of extrinsic defects, such as substoichiometric oxidation states at the metal-semiconductor interface, can degrade carrier injection. In this report, controlling the unintentional extrinsic defect states in layered MoS2 is demonstrated using a two-step chemical treatment, (NH4)(2)S(aq) treatment and vacuum annealing, to enhance the contact behavior of metal/MoS2 interfaces. The two-step treatment induces changes in the contact of single layer MoS2 field effect transistors from nonlinear Schottky to Ohmic behavior, along with a reduction of contact resistance from 35.2 to 5.2 k omega. Moreover, the enhancement of I-ON and electron field effect mobility of single layer MoS2 field effect transistors is nearly double for n-branch operation. This enhanced contact behavior resulting from the two-step treatment is likely due to the removal of oxidation defects, which can be unintentionally introduced during synthesis or fabrication processes. The removal of oxygen defects is confirmed by scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. This two-step (NH4)(2)S(aq) chemical functionalization process provides a facile pathway to controlling the defect states in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), to enhance the metal-contact behavior of TMDs.
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- 공학계열 > Dept.of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology > Journal Articles
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