Synthetic lethality by targeting the RUVBL1/2-TTT complex in mTORC1-hyperactive cancer cellsopen access
- Shin, Seung Ho; Lee, Ji Su; Zhang, Jia-Min; Choi, Sungbin; Boskovic, Zarko, V; Zhao, Ran; Song, Mengqiu; Wang, Rui; Tian, Jie; Lee, Mee-Hyun; Kim, Jae Hwan; Jeong, Minju; Lee, Jung Hyun; Petukhov, Michael; Lee, Sam W.; Kim, Sang Gyun; Zou, Lee; Byun, Sanguine
- Issue Date
- AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
- SCIENCE ADVANCES, v.6, no.31
- Journal Title
- SCIENCE ADVANCES
- Despite considerable efforts, mTOR inhibitors have produced limited success in the clinic. To define the vulnerabilities of mTORC1-addicted cancer cells and to find previously unknown therapeutic targets, we investigated the mechanism of piperlongumine, a small molecule identified in a chemical library screen to specifically target cancer cells with a hyperactive mTORC1 phenotype. Sensitivity to piperlongumine was dependent on its ability to suppress RUVBL1/2-TTT, a complex involved in chromatin remodeling and DNA repair. Cancer cells with high mTORC1 activity are subjected to higher levels of DNA damage stress via c-Myc and displayed an increased dependency on RUVBL1/2 for survival and counteracting genotoxic stress. Examination of clinical cancer tissues also demonstrated that high mTORC1 activity was accompanied by high RUVBL2 expression. Our findings reveal a previously unknown role for RUVBL1/2 in cell survival, where it acts as a functional chaperone to mitigate stress levels induced in the mTORC1-Myc-DNA damage axis.
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- 자연과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal Articles
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