Ginseng-Induced Changes to Blood Vessel Dilation and the Metabolome of Ratsopen access
- Lee, Hyeon-Jeong; Kim, Bo-Min; Lee, Soo Hee; Sohn, Ju-Tae; Choi, Jae Woong; Cho, Chang-Won; Hong, Hee-Do; Rhee, Young Kyoung; Kim, Hyun-Jin
- Issue Date
- blood vasodilation; ginseng; lysophosphatidylcholine; metabolomics; steroid hormones
- NUTRIENTS, v.12, no.8
- Journal Title
- Ginseng consumption has been shown to prevent and reduce many health risks, including cardiovascular disease. However, the ginseng-induced changes in biofluids and tissue metabolomes associated with blood health remain poorly understood. In this study, healthy rats were orally administered ginseng extracts or water for one month. Biofluid and tissue metabolites along with steroid hormones, plasma cytokines, and blood pressure factors were determined to elucidate the relationship between ginseng intake and blood vessel health. Moreover, the effect of ginseng extract on blood vessel tension was measured from the thoracic aorta. Ginseng intake decreased the levels of blood phospholipids, lysophosphatidylcholines and related enzymes, high blood pressure factors, and cytokines, and induced vasodilation. Moreover, ginseng intake decreased the level of renal oxidized glutathione. Overall, our findings suggest that ginseng intake can improve blood vessel health via modulation of vasodilation, oxidation stress, and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, the decrease in renal oxidized glutathione indicated that ginseng intake is positively related with the reduction in oxidative stress-induced renal dysfunction.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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