Cellular Function of Annexin A1 Protein Mimetic Peptide Ac2-26 in Human Skin Keratinocytes HaCaT and Fibroblast Detroit 551 Cellsopen access
- Kim, Seong Min; Ha, Sang Eun; Vetrivel, Preethi; Kim, Hun Hwan; Bhosale, Pritam Bhagwan; Park, Jung Eun; Heo, Jeong Doo; Kim, Young Sil; Kim, Gon Sup
- Issue Date
- annexin A1; Ac2-26; anti-inflammation; anti-wrinkle; skin disease
- NUTRIENTS, v.12, no.11
- Journal Title
- Inflammation of the skin is the most common dermatological problem in human. The anti-inflammatory mediated responses of the skin cells provide a mechanism for combating these conditions. Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is one of the proteins that has been shown to have a potent anti-inflammatory effect. However, the effects and mechanisms of AnxA1 in skin keratinocyte and fibroblast have not been reported yet. In the current study, we hypothesized that Ac2-26, AnxA1 mimetic peptide, ameliorates inflammation and wrinkle formation in human skin cells. Therefore, we aimed to identify whether Ac2-26 has anti-inflammatory and anti-wrinkle effects in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) and fibroblast (Detroit 551) cells, respectively. Human HaCaT cells were stimulated by TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma with or without Ac2-26, to identify the anti-inflammatory effect. Human Detroit 551 cells were treated with Ac2-26 to verify the anti-wrinkle effect. Initially, cell cytotoxicity was carried out in each cell line treated using Ac2-26 by MTT assay. Human MDA, IL-8, and procollagen secretion were detected by ELISA assay. The inflammatory chemokines were measured by qRT-PCR analysis. To demonstrate the mechanism, MAPK, NF-kappa B, JAK/STAT, and MMPs were analyzed by Western blotting. As a result, we identified that Ac2-26 significantly decreased the expression of TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-stimulated pro-inflammatory chemokines, including IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, MDC, TARC, and TNF-alpha, by inhibiting the activation of MAPK, NF-kappa B, and JAK/STAT pathway in TNF-alpha/IFN-gamma-stimulated HaCaT human keratinocytes. In addition, we also identified that Ac2-26 significantly induced collagen synthesis by generating pro-collagen, and suppressed collagen degradation by inhibiting the collagenase MMP-1 and MMP-8 expression. Collectively, these results suggest that Ac2-26 shows anti-inflammatory and anti-wrinkling effect. These effects may lead to the development of preventive and therapeutic application for inflammation-related skin disease and wrinkle formation.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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