Lipid emulsion attenuates extrinsic apoptosis induced by amlodipine toxicity in rat cardiomyoblasts
- Ok, Seong-Ho; Ahn, Seung Hyun; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Lee, Soo Hee; Bae, Sung Il; Park, Kyeong-Eon; Hwang, Yeran; Shin, Il-Woo; Yoon, Sangcheol; Sohn, Ju-Tae
- Issue Date
- SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD
- Lipid emulsion; amlodipine; toxicity; apoptosis; cardiomyoblasts
- HUMAN & EXPERIMENTAL TOXICOLOGY, v.40, no.4, pp.695 - 706
- Journal Title
- HUMAN & EXPERIMENTAL TOXICOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Amlodipine-induced toxicity has detrimental effects on cardiac cells. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of lipid emulsion on decreased H9c2 rat cardiomyoblast viability induced by amlodipine toxicity. The effects of amlodipine, lipid emulsion, LY 294002, and glibenclamide, either alone or in combination, on cell viability and count, apoptosis, and expression of cleaved caspase-3 and -8, and Bax were examined. LY 294002 and glibenclamide partially reversed lipid emulsion-mediated attenuation of decreased cell viability and count induced by amlodipine. Amlodipine increased caspase-3 and -8 expression, but it did not alter Bax expression. LY 294002 and glibenclamide reversed lipid emulsion-mediated inhibition of cleaved caspase-3 and -8 expression induced by amlodipine. Lipid emulsion inhibited early and late apoptosis induced by amlodipine. LY 294002 and glibenclamide inhibited lipid emulsion-mediated inhibition of late apoptosis induced by amlodipine, but they did not significantly alter lipid emulsion-mediated inhibition of early apoptosis induced by amlodipine. Lipid emulsion decreased amlodipine-induced TUNEL-positive cells. These results suggest that lipid emulsion inhibits late apoptosis induced by amlodipine at toxic dose via the activation of phosphoinositide-3 kinase and ATP-sensitive potassium channels in the extrinsic apoptotic pathway.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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