The Role of Nuclear Factor of Activated T Cells 5 in Hyperosmotic Stress-Exposed Human Lens Epithelial Cellsopen access
- Kim, Gyu-Nam; Hah, Young-Sool; Seong, Hyemin; Yoo, Woong-Sun; Choi, Mee-Young; Cho, Hee-Young; Yun, Seung Pil; Kim, Seong-Jae
- Issue Date
- human lens epithelial cell; hyperosmotic stress; necroptosis; NFAT5
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, v.22, no.12
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES
- We investigated the role of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (NFAT5) under hyperosmotic conditions in human lens epithelial cells (HLECs). Hyperosmotic stress decreased the viability of human lens epithelial B-3 cells and significantly increased NFAT5 expression. Hyperosmotic stress-induced cell death occurred to a greater extent in NFAT5-knockout (KO) cells than in NFAT5 wild-type (NFAT5 WT) cells. Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl expression was down-regulated in NFAT5 WT cells and NFAT5 KO cells under hyperosmotic stress. Pre-treatment with a necroptosis inhibitor (necrostatin-1) significantly blocked hyperosmotic stress-induced death of NFAT5 KO cells, but not of NFAT5 WT cells. The phosphorylation levels of receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIP1) and RIP3, which indicate the occurrence of necroptosis, were up-regulated in NFAT5 KO cells, suggesting that death of these cells is predominantly related to the necroptosis pathway. This finding is the first to report that necroptosis occurs when lens epithelial cells are exposed to hyperosmolar conditions, and that NFAT5 is involved in this process.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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