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Dietary Supplementation of Shredded, Steam-Exploded Pine Particles Decreases Pathogenic Microbes in the Cecum of Acute Heat-Stressed Broilersopen access

Goel, AkshatKim, Beom-JuneNcho, Chris-MajorJeong, Chae-MiGupta, VaishaliJung, Ji-YoungHa, Si-YoungLee, Dong-HwanYang, Jae-KyungChoi, Yang-Ho
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acute heat stress; broilers; cecum metagenome; insoluble fiber; performance; steam-exploded pine
ANIMALS, v.11, no.8
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Simple Summary The importance of the gut in poultry can be explained by the microbiome action. Prebiotics has gained attention as potential substances for improving gut health. The presence of insoluble dietary fiber from a cheap source such as wood specially prepared by the steam explosion that facilitates the depolymerization of hemicellulose could be an added advantage for microbial existence. Heat stress (HS) has been known to have drastic effects on chickens. In this study, we investigated the effect of dietary steam-exploded pine particle (SPP) supplementation and subsequent acute HS on productive performance and cecum microbiome in broilers. The HS tends to decrease the percent difference in body weight and rectal temperature. Metagenome analysis revealed similar richness and diversity in microbial communities. Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes were the most abundant phylum and were inversely correlated with each other. Furthermore, Firmicutes was also inversely correlated with unfavorable bacterial phyla. Supplementation of SPP in diets helped by enhancing favorable and reducing unfavorable bacterial genus in the cecum of the HS chickens. Although a clear advantage of using SPP on production parameters in broilers was not revealed, this study provided useful information to understand the modulation of microbiota during HS in dietary SPP supplemented chickens. The gut microbiome stimulates nutrient metabolism and could effectively generate heat tolerance in chickens. This study investigates the effects of dietary steam-exploded pine particle (SPP) supplementation and subsequent acute heat stress on productive performance and cecum microbiome in broilers. Eight-day Ross 308 broilers were distributed in three groups with 0%, 1%, and 2% SPP in diets. On the 41st day, forty birds were allocated to four groups with ten birds each. The treatments were control diet at thermoneutral temperature (0% NT) and acute heat-stressed (HS) birds fed control (0% HS), 1% (1% HS), and 2% (2% HS) SPP. Parameters recorded were body weight (BW), feed intake (FI), rectal temperature (RT), relative organ weight, and metagenome analysis from cecum samples. Percent difference in BW, FI, and RT was decreased in HS birds. Metagenome analysis revealed similar richness and diversity in microbial communities. The relative abundance of the bacterial genus such as Limosilactobacillus, Drancourtella, and Ihubacter was increased while that of Alistipes, Alkalibacter, Lachnotalea, and Turicibacter was decreased in SPP supplemented HS birds. Concludingly, the production performance of broilers is negatively influenced during HS, and 2% dietary SPP supplementation may reduce the adverse effects of HS by modifying the microbiota in chickens.
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농업생명과학대학 > 축산과학부 > Journal Articles
농업생명과학대학 > Department of Environmental Materials Science > Journal Articles


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Yang, Jae Kyung
농업생명과학대학 (환경재료과학과)
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