A Novel Flow Model of Strain Hardening and Softening for Use in Tensile Testing of a Cylindrical Specimen at Room Temperatureopen access
- Razali, Mohd Kaswandee; Joun, Man Soo; Chung, Wan Jin
- Issue Date
- tensile testing; second strain hardening parameter; second strain hardening exponent; softening behavior; damage-coupled flow model
- MATERIALS, v.14, no.17
- Journal Title
- We develop a new flow model based on the Swift method, which is both versatile and accurate when used to describe flow stress in terms of strain hardening and damage softening. A practical issue associated with flow stress at room temperature is discussed in terms of tensile testing of a cylindrical specimen; we deal with both material identification and finite element predictions. The flow model has four major components, namely the stress before, at, and after the necking point and around fracture point. The Swift model has the drawback that not all major points of stress can be covered simultaneously. A term of strain to the third or fourth power (the "second strain hardening exponent"), multiplied and thus controlled by a second strain hardening parameter, can be neglected at small strains. Any effect of the second strain hardening exponent on the identification of the necking point is thus negligible. We use this term to enhance the flexibility and accuracy of our new flow model, which naturally couples flow stress with damage using the same hardening constant as a function of damage. The hardening constant becomes negative when damage exceeds a critical value that causes a drastic drop in flow stress.
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- 공학계열 > Division of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering > Journal Articles
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