Reconstruction of remotely sensed daily evapotranspiration data in cloudy-sky conditionsopen access
- Song, Lisheng; Bateni, Sayed M.; Xu, Yanhao; Xu, Tongren; He, Xinlei; Ki, Seo Jin; Liu, Shaomin; Ma, Minguo; Yang, Yang
- Issue Date
- Evapotranspiration; Cloudy day reconstruction; Remote sensing
- AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT, v.255
- Journal Title
- AGRICULTURAL WATER MANAGEMENT
- The unavailability of thermal infrared satellite observations in cloudy conditions has limited the spatial distribution and temporal coverage of remotely sensed evapotranspiration (ET) data. As a result, a number of approaches have been developed to reconstruct remotely sensed daily ET data in cloudy-sky conditions. Despite the wide application of these approaches, no work has been conducted to compare their performance over a wide variety of climatic and vegetative conditions. In this study, three commonly used ET reconstruction approaches namely, reference ET fraction (EToF), land surface temperature reconstruction (LSTR), and variational data assimilation (VDA) are used to obtain daily ET data under cloudy conditions. The abovementioned three approaches are applied to the Heihe River Basin (HRB) in the northwest of China during the growing season in 2015. The HRB covers an area of approximately 1,432,000 km2 and contains various land covers. The large aperture scintillometer (LAS) and eddy covariance (EC) measurements are used to evaluate performance of the abovementioned three methods over the grassland, cropland, and riparian forest sites in the HRB. The results show that the EToF approach underestimates ET at the grassland and riparian sites in cloudy days because of the negatively biased ET/ETo (where ETo is the reference evapotranspiration) in clear-sky days. The VDA approach overestimates ET in cloudy-sky conditions because of the overpredicted evaporative fraction values. The LSTR approach overestimates ET due to the under-reconstructed LST in cloudy day. The mean absolute percentage difference (MAPD) and root mean square error (RMSE) statistical metrics are used to compare performance of the three approaches The LSTR (MAPD = 43.1% and RMSE = 1.3 mm/day) and VDA (MAPD = 46.7% and RMSE = 1.4 mm/day) approaches slightly outperform EToF (MAPD = 46.6% and RMSE = 1.5 mm/day). The RMSEs of reconstructed ET values by EToF, VDA, and LSTR increase respectively from 1.6, 1.2, and 1.5 (mm/day) to 2.2, 1.9, and 2.0 (mm/day) as the number of consecutive cloudy days increases from 1 to 3. These outcomes suggest that synergistic use of space-borne microwave and thermal infrared LST observations into remote sensing-based ET methods can improve the reconstruction of ET data under cloudy conditions.
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- 건설환경공과대학 > 환경공학과 > Journal Articles
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