Effects of Salt Treatment Time on the Metabolites, Microbial Composition, and Quality Characteristics of the Soy Sauce Moromi Extractopen access
- Lee, Sun; Kim, Dong-Shin; Son, Yejin; Le, Huong-Giang; Jo, Seung Wha; Lee, Jungmi; Song, Yeji; Kim, Hyun-Jin
- Issue Date
- metabolomics; microbial population; salt treatment time; sensory quality; soy sauce moromi extract
- FOODS, v.11, no.1
- Journal Title
- Salt is one of the most important factors for fermented foods, but the effect of salt treatment time on the quality of fermented foods has rarely been studied. In this study, the effect of different salt treatment times (0, 48, and 96 h) after the start of fermentation on the quality of the soy sauce moromi extract (SSME) was investigated. As the salt treatment time was delayed, the population of Aspergillus oryzae, Lactobacillaceae, and Enterococcaecea in SSME increased, whereas the population of Staphylococcaceae and Bacillaceae decreased, leading to changes in the enzymatic activity and metabolite profiles. In particular, the contents of amino acids, peptides, volatile compounds, acidic compounds, sugars, and secondary metabolites were significantly affected by the salt treatment time, resulting in changes in the sensory quality and appearance of SSME. The correlation data showed that metabolites, bacterial population, and sensory parameters had strong positive or negative correlations with each other. Moreover, based on metabolomics analysis, the salt treatment-time-related SSME metabolomic pathway was proposed. Although further studies are needed to elucidate the salt treatment mechanism in fermented foods, our data can be useful to better understand the effect of salt treatment time on the quality of fermented foods.
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