Protective effects of Populus tomentiglandulosa against cognitive impairment by regulating oxidative stress in an amyloid beta(25-35)-induced Alzheimer's disease mouse modelopen access
- Kwon, Yu Ri; Kim, Ji-Hyun; Lee, Sanghyun; Kim, Hyun Young; Cho, Eun Ju
- Issue Date
- KOREAN NUTRITION SOC
- Populus; cognitive dysfunction; oxidative stress; amyloid; neurodegenerative diseases
- NUTRITION RESEARCH AND PRACTICE, v.16, no.2, pp.173 - 193
- Journal Title
- NUTRITION RESEARCH AND PRACTICE
- Start Page
- End Page
- BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most representative neurodegenerative disease mainly caused by the excessive production of amyloid beta (A beta). Several studies on the antioxidant activity and protective effects of Populus tomentiglandulosa (PT) against cerebral ischemia-induced neuronal damage have been reported. Based on this background, the present study investigated the protective effects of PT against cognitive impairment in AD. MATERIALS/METHODS: We orally administered PT (50 and 100 mg/kg/day) for 14 days in an A beta(25-35)-induced mouse model and conducted behavioral experiments to test cognitive ability. In addition, we evaluated the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in serum and measured the production of lipid peroxide, nitric oxide (NO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tissues. RESULTS: PT treatment improved the space perceptive ability in the T-maze test, object cognitive ability in the novel object recognition test, and spatial learning/long-term memory in the Morris water-maze test. Moreover, the levels of AST and ALT were not significantly different among the groups, indicating that PT did not show liver toxicity. Furthermore, administration of PT significantly inhibited the production of lipid peroxide, NO, and ROS in the brain, liver, and kidney, suggesting that PT protected against oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that administration of PT improved A beta(25-35)-induced cognitive impairment by regulating oxidative stress. Therefore, we propose that PT could be used as a natural agent for AD improvement.
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- 자연과학대학 > 식품영양학과 > Journal Articles
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