A DOC coagulant, gypsum treatment can simultaneously reduce As, Cd and Pb uptake by medicinal plants grown in contaminated soil
- Kim, Hyuck Soo; Seo, Byoung-Hwan; Kuppusamy, Saranya; Lee, Yong Bok; Lee, Jae-Hwang; Yang, Jae-E.; Owens, Gary; Kim, Kwon-Rae
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- Compost; Heavy metals; Immobilization; Lime; Metalloid; Stabilization
- ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY, v.148, pp.615 - 619
- Journal Title
- ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
- Start Page
- End Page
- The efficiency of gypsum, as a dissolved organic carbon (DOC) coagulator, for the simultaneous immobilization of two heavy metals (Cd and Pb) and one metalloid (As) in agricultural soils near an abandoned mining site was examined. The agricultural soil was defined as long-term contaminated as As (1540 mg kg(-1)), Cd (55 mg kg(-1)) and Pb (1283 mg kg(-1)) concentrations exceeded the Korean guideline values for As (25 mg kg(-1)), Cd (4 mg kg(-1)), and Pb (200 mg kg(-1)). Gypsum was incorporated into the contaminated soil at 3% (w/w). In comparison two commonly using immobilizing agents (lime and compost), together with a mixture (lime + gypsum) were also included in the pot trial for the cultivation of two medical plants (A. gigas and A. macrocephala) and to evaluate the effectiveness of gypsum on As, Cd and Pb immobilization. The results showed that even though pH change-induced immobilizing agents such as lime were more effective than gypsum at immobilizing Cd and Pb, addition of gypsum also effectively reduced heavy metal phytoavailability as indicated by decreases in the concentration of Cd and Pb in medicinal plants. Furthermore, gypsum and gypsum + lime were also most effective in reducing As concentrations in both plants studied. This was mainly attributed to significant decreases in soil DOC (48-64%) when gypsum and gypsum + lime were applied to the soil. Consequently, it was concluded that enhanced DOC coagulation with gypsum, could be considered as a promising technique for the immobilization of both metals (Cd and Pb) and metalloids (As) in agricultural soils.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- 농업생명과학대학 > 스마트농산업학과 > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.