Study on Heating and Cooling Performance of Air-to-Water Heat Pump System for Protected Horticultureopen access
- Rasheed, Adnan; Lee, Jong Won; Kim, Hyeon Tae; Lee, Hyun Woo
- Issue Date
- greenhouse energy; renewable energy; greenhouse microclimate; greenhouse heating and cooling
- ENERGIES, v.15, no.15
- Journal Title
- There is much interest in alternative energy sources for greenhouse heating and cooling, due to the impact of severe climatic conditions and increasing fossil fuel prices. The main objective of this study was to experimentally evaluate the performance of an air-to-water heat pump (AWHP) system to fulfil the cooling and heating energy requirements of a three-spanned greenhouse under local weather conditions in Daegu, South Korea. For this purpose, a system comprising three air-to-water heat pumps, a water storage tank, and fan coil units (FCU)s was designed. Experiments were conducted extensively during the summer and winter seasons. The maximum heating and cooling energy supply to the greenhouse was 210 kcal center dot h(-1)center dot m(-2) and 230 kcal center dot h(-1)center dot m(-2), respectively. Based on the outcomes of this study, the AWHP system can provide heating during the winter season. During the summer season, the FCU capacity was insufficient to provide the desired cooling to achieve the setpoint air temperature inside the studied greenhouse. To achieve the desired microclimate during the summer season, the capacity of the FCU or number of FCUs must be increased. Moreover, one AWHP with a water storage tank, was sufficient to provide the required cooling and heating in both seasons. Two additional AWHPs can be used to provide energy to more greenhouse areas in the future. The results can be used as a case study to find a more resilient and reliable source for greenhouse heating and cooling. The average COP of the AWHP in heating mode was 2.2, while on cooling mode, it was 3.2.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 생물산업기계공학과 > Journal Articles
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