Effects of irradiation and leukoreduction on down-regulation of CXCL-8 and storage lesion in stored canine whole bloodopen access
- Yang, Hayoung; Kim, Woosun; Bae, Junwoo; Kim, Hyunwoo; Kim, Sangki; Choi, Jihye; Park, Jinho; Jung, Dong-In; Koh, HongBum; Yu, DoHyeon
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC VETERINARY SCIENCE
- Blood preservation; Irradiation; Leukocyte reduction procedures; Transfusion; Cytokine
- JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE, v.20, no.1, pp.72 - 78
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
- Start Page
- End Page
- White blood cells (WBCs) and storage period are the main factors of transfusion reactions. In the present study, cytokine/chemokine concentrations after leukoreduction (LR) and irradiation (IR) in stored canine whole blood were measured. Red blood cell storage lesion caused by IR and LR were also compared. Blood samples from 10 healthy Beagles were divided into four groups (no treatment, LR-, IR-, and LR+IR-treated). Leukocytes were removed by filtration in the LR group and gamma radiation (25 Gy) was applied in the IR group. Immunologic factors (WBCs, interleukin-6 [IL-6], C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8 [CXCL-8], and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and storage lesion factors (blood pH, potassium, and hemolysis) were evaluated on storage days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28. Compared to the treated groups, IL-6 and CXCL-8 concentrations during storage were significantly higher in the control (no treatment) group. LR did not show changes in cytokine/chemokine concentrations, and storage lesion presence was relatively mild. IR significantly increased CXCL-8 after 14 days of storage, but IR of leukoreduced blood did not increase CXCL-8 during 28 days of storage. Storage lesions such as hemolysis, increased potassium, and low pH were observed 7 days after IR and storage of blood, regardless of LR. IR of leukoreduced blood is beneficial to avoid immune reactions; however, storage lesions should be considered upon storage.
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- 수의과대학 > Department of Veterinary Medicine > Journal Articles
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