Coexistence of Cr and Ni in anthropogenic soils and their chemistry: implication to proper management and remediation
- Lwin, Chaw Su; Kim, Young-Nam; Lee, Mina; Kim, Kwon-Rae
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
- Human-affected soil; Co-pollution of Cr and Ni; Metal immobilizer; Soil amendments; Soil remediation
- ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH, v.29, no.42, pp.62807 - 62821
- Journal Title
- ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
- Start Page
- End Page
- In anthropogenic soils, there have been relatively limited studies focusing on Cr and Ni contaminants because they exhibit less toxic effects to overall ecosystem and human health than other metal contaminants. In recent years, however, soil contamination with Cr and Ni has become a serious concern in several parts of the world because of the continuously increasing concentrations of these metals due to accelerated industrialization and urbanization. To investigate the status of soil contamination with Cr and Ni by anthropogenic activities, relevant global data sets in different land-use types reported by several studies were reviewed. This review presents the significant work done on Cr and Ni concentrations in roadside, central business district (CBD), and industrial soils in 46 global cities and evaluated their correlation by global data in the past few years. The highest concentrations of Cr and Ni were observed in industrial soils. Furthermore, a significant relationship was found between Cr and Ni concentrations in the soils, which might be because both metals are released from the same sources or anthropogenic activity processes. We also discuss the state of knowledge about the chemistry and distribution of Cr and Ni in the soil environment to understand how their processes such as redox reaction, precipitation-dissolution, and sorption-desorption affect the remediation of Cr- and Ni-contaminated soils using in situ immobilization technology. Application of organic and inorganic immobilizing agents (e.g., lime, compost, and sulfur) for the clean-up of Cr- and Ni-contaminated soils has received increasing interest from several researchers worldwide. Several immobilizing agents have been suggested and experimentally tested with varying degrees of achievement in Cr- and Ni-contaminated soils. Overall, the use of sulfur-containing amendments and pH-increasing materials could be considered the best options for the remediation of co-contamination of Cr and Ni in soil.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 스마트농산업학과 > Journal Articles
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