Evaluation of the Elecsys Syphilis electrochemiluminescence immunoassay as a first-line screening test in the reverse algorithms for syphilis serodiagnosisopen access
- Lee, Seungjun; Yu, Hui-Jin; Lim, Sangeun; Park, Hyosoon; Kwon, Min-Jung; Woo, Hee-Yeon
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCI LTD
- Syphilis; Treponema pallidum; Serodiagnosis; Algorithm; Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, v.80, pp.98 - 104
- Journal Title
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
- Start Page
- End Page
- Objectives: With the development of the automated treponemal test, new syphilis serodiagnosis algorithms, reverse algorithm, and European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) algorithm have been recommended recently. We investigated the efficacy of an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) as an initial screening test in the reverse and ECDC algorithms. Methods: Samples from 4,771 subjects were included in this study. We performed rapid plasma reagin (RPR), ECLIA, and Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) according to these three algorithms. The fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbed (FTA-ABS) test was additionally applied for discordant cases between the RPR and ECLIA results. The FTA-ABS results and the consensus of three algorithms were considered a gold standard. Results: A total of 208 subjects were diagnosed with syphilis. The traditional algorithm had a sensitivity of 25.96%, specificity of 100%, and accuracy of 96.77%. Both the reverse and ECDC algorithms showed the same diagnostic performance, sensitivity of 95.19%, specificity of 99.96%, and accuracy of 99.75%. The agreements between the traditional algorithm and the other algorithms were 96.9% with a kappa value of 0.415. Conclusions: The diagnostic accuracy of the reverse and ECDC algorithms using the ECLIA as a first-line screening test was superior to that of the traditional algorithm. (c) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.