Clinical and Molecular Characteristics of qacA- and qacB-Positive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Causing Bloodstream Infectionsopen access
- Hong, Sun In; Lee, Yu-Mi; Park, Ki-Ho; Ryu, Byung-Han; Hong, Kyung-Wook; Kim, Sunjoo; Bae, In-Gyu; Cho, Oh-Hyun
- Issue Date
- AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
- Staphylococcus aureus; chlorhexidine; qacA; qacB
- ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, v.63, no.4
- Journal Title
- ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY
- The increasing use of chlorhexidine for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) decolonization has raised concerns about the emergence of resistance to these agents. However, the clinical significance of MRSA positive for the qacA and qacB chlorhexidine tolerance genes has not been established. We investigated the clinical features and predictive factors of MRSA bloodstream infection (BSI) isolates, caused by qacA- and qacB-positive MRSA, from 2010 to 2016 at a tertiary hospital in South Korea. A total of 246 MRSA BSI isolates were included; 71 (28.9%) isolates carried qacA/B. The annual frequency of qacA- and qacB-positive MRSA bacteremia did not change significantly over the study period. Patients infected with qacA- and qacB-positive MRSA had common risk factors for health care-associated infections, including prior antibiotic use, central venous catheterization in situ, intensive care unit-acquired bacteremia, and nosocomial infection. The qacA- and qacB-positive isolates were also associated with an increasing chlorhexidine MIC and resistance to non-beta-lactam antibiotics. The qacA- and qacB-positive isolates were more likely to belong to sequence type 5 (ST5), which is a common health care-associated MRSA strain in South Korea. In multivariable analyses, qacA- and qacB-positive MRSA isolates were found to be associated with agr dysfunction (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 6.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.59 to 16.10), ST5 MRSA strain (aOR, 4.96; 95% CI, 1.85 to 13.26), nosocomial infection (aOR, 4.88; 95% CI, 2.20 to 10.83), and antibiotic use within the previous 3 months (aOR, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.20 to 5.59). These findings suggest that the microbiological features of qacA and qacB carriage provide a selective advantage for specific MRSA strains in hospital environments.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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