Ethyl Pyruvate Directly Attenuates Active Secretion of HMGB1 in Proximal Tubular Cells via Induction of Heme Oxygenase-1open access
- Seo, Min Suk; Kim, Hye Jung; Kim, Hwajin; Park, Sang Won
- Issue Date
- acute kidney injury; ethyl pyruvate; heme oxygenase-1; high mobility group box-1; ischemia and reperfusion; proximal tubular cells
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, v.8, no.5
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE
- Renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) is a main cause of acute kidney injury leading to high morbidity and mortality during postoperative periods. This study investigated whether ethyl pyruvate (EP) protects the kidney against renal IR injury. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with vehicle or EP (40 mg/kg) 1 h before ischemia and the plasma creatinine (Cr) levels and tubular damage were evaluated after reperfusion. EP attenuated the IR-induced plasma Cr levels, renal inflammation and apoptotic cell death, but the effect of EP was abolished by pretreating Zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), a heme oxygenase (HO)-1 inhibitor. HO-1 is a stress-induced protein and protects the kidney against IR injury. EP increased significantly HO-1 expression in the proximal tubular cells in vivo and HK-2 cells in vitro. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway and knockdown of Nrf2 blocked HO-1 induction by EP. High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) secretion was assessed as an early mediator of IR injury; plasma HMGB1 were significantly elevated as early as 2 h to 24 h after reperfusion and these were attenuated by EP, but the effect of EP was abolished by ZnPP. EP also reduced HMGB1 secretion stimulated by TNF- in HK-2 cells, and the inhibition of PI3K/Akt and knockdown of HO-1 blocked the effect of EP. Conclusively, EP inhibits the active secretion of HMGB1 from proximal tubular cells during IR injury by inducing HO-1 via activation of PI3K/Akt and Nrf2 pathway.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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