Controlling Horizontal Dipole Orientation and Emission Spectrum of Ir Complexes by Chemical Design of Ancillary Ligands for Efficient Deep-Blue Organic Light-Emitting Diodes
- Shin, Hyun; Ha, Yeon Hee; Kim, Hyun-Gu; Kim, Ran; Kwon, Soon-Ki; Kim, Yun-Hi; Kim, Jang-Joo
- Issue Date
- WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
- ancillary ligands; chemical design; deep-blue iridium complexes; horizontally oriented emitting dipoles; organic light-emitting dipoles
- ADVANCED MATERIALS, v.31, no.21
- Journal Title
- ADVANCED MATERIALS
- Deep-blue emitting Iridium (Ir) complexes with horizontally oriented emitting dipoles are newly designed and synthesized through engineering of the ancillary ligand, where 2 ',6 '-difluoro-4-(trimethylsilyl)-2,3 '-bipyridine (dfpysipy) is used as the main ligand. Introduction of a trimethylsilyl group at the pyridine and a nitrogen at the difluoropyrido group increases the bandgap of the emitter, resulting in deep-blue emission. Addition of a methyl group (mpic) to a picolinate (pic) ancillary ligand or replacement of an acetate structure of pic with a perfluoromethyl-triazole structure (fptz) increases the horizontal component of the emitting dipoles in sequence of mpic (86%) > fptz (77%) > pic (74%). The organic light-emitting diode (OLED) using the Ir complex with the mpic ancillary ligand shows the highest external quantum efficiency (31.9%) among the reported blue OLEDs with a y-coordinate value lower than 0.2 in the 1931 Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity diagram.
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