Snapshot-Based Visible-Near Infrared Multispectral Imaging for Early Screening of Heat Injury during Growth of Chinese Cabbageopen access
- Kim, Geonwoo; Lee, Hoonsoo; Wi, Seung Hwan; Cho, Byoung-Kwan
- Issue Date
- nondestructive evaluation; Chinese cabbage; snapshot multispectral imaging; heat stress; visible-near infrared
- APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v.12, no.18
- Journal Title
- APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL
- Heat stress in particular can damage physiological processes, adaptation, cellular homeostasis, and yield of higher plants. Early detection of heat stress in leafy crops is critical for preventing extensive loss of crop productivity for global food security. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the potential of a snapshot-based visible-near infrared multispectral imaging system for detecting the early stage of heat injury during the growth of Chinese cabbage. Two classification models based on partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and least-squares support vector machine (LS-SVM) were developed to identify heat stress. Various vegetation indices (VIs), including the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), red-edge ratio (RE/R), and photochemical reflectance index (PRI), which are closely related to plant heat stress, were acquired from sample images, and their values were compared with the developed models for the evaluation of their discriminant performance of developed models. The highest classification accuracies for LS-SVM, PLS-DA, NDVI, RE/R, and PRI were 93.6%, 92.4%, 72.5%, 69.6%, and 58.1%, respectively, without false-positive errors. Among these methods for identifying plant heat stress, the developed LS-SVM and PLS-DA models showed more reliable discriminant performance than the traditional VIs. This clearly demonstrates that the developed models are much more effective and efficient predictive tools for detecting heat stress in Chinese cabbage in the early stages compared to conventional methods. The developed technique shows promise as an accurate and cost-effective screening tool for rapid identification of heat stress in Chinese cabbage.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 생물산업기계공학과 > Journal Articles
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