Prognostic implication of serum AFP in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with regorafenib
- Lim, Dong-Hoon; Casadei-Gardini, Andrea; Lee, Myung Ah; Lonardi, Sara; Kim, Jin Won; Masi, Gianluca; Chon, Hong Jae; Rimini, Margherita; Kim, Ilhwan; Cheon, Jaekyung; Hwang, Jun-Eul; Kang, Jung Hun; Lim, Ho Yeong; Yoo, Changhoon
- Issue Date
- FUTURE MEDICINE LTD
- AFP; hepatocellular carcinoma; multicenter; prognostic; regorafenib; tumor marker
- FUTURE ONCOLOGY, v.18, no.27, pp.3021 - 3030
- Journal Title
- FUTURE ONCOLOGY
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- End Page
- Background: This multicenter study investigated the predictive value of baseline AFP and on-treatment AFP response for survival in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with regorafenib. Materials & methods: A total of 578 patients with HCC treated with regorafenib from 12 institutions in South Korea and Italy were included. Baseline AFP (cutoff, 400 ng/ml) and AFP response (20% reduction from baseline) were analyzed for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Baseline AFP below 400 ng/ml was a significant factor that was independently associated with longer OS and PFS. AFP response was also a significant factor independently associated with longer OS and PFS. Conclusion: Baseline AFP and AFP response may be used as prognostic factors for survival in HCC treated with regorafenib. Plain language summary Regorafenib is standard second-line therapy for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who show failure to sorafenib treatment, but there is no reliable factor to predict survival. In this multicenter, retrospective study with patients from South Korea and Italy, we have found that both baseline AFP level and on-treatment AFP response have independent predictive value for survival in patients with HCC under regorafenib treatment. We observed similar results when the patients were divided according to their nationality (South Korea vs Italy), despite the fact that the baseline characteristics of the patients from the two cohorts were significantly different.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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