Etiology, characteristics, and outcomes of community-onset necrotizing fasciitis in Korea: A multicenter studyopen access
- Kim, Tark; Park, Seong Yeon; Kwak, Yee Gyung; Jung, Jiwon; Kim, Min-Chul; Choi, Seong-Ho; Yu, Shi Nae; Hong, Hyo-Lim; Kim, Yong Kyun; Park, Se Yoon; Song, Eun Hee; Park, Ki-Ho; Cho, Oh Hyun; Choiid, Sang-Ho
- Issue Date
- PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
- PLOS ONE, v.14, no.6
- Journal Title
- PLOS ONE
- Background Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a serious skin and soft tissue infection causing high mortality. Investigating region specific epidemiologic factors associated with NF is important for establishing appropriate treatment strategies. This multicenter study was done to provide an update of the microbial etiology, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of NF in Korea. Materials and methods A retrospective cohort of adult patients with NF was established using patient data from 13 general hospitals between January 2012 and December 2015 in Korea. We evaluated microbial etiology and clinical characteristics to identify risk factors associated with in-hospital mortality; analyses were performed using binary logistic regression models. Results A total of 161 patients with NF were included. The most common underlying disease was diabetes mellitus (66 cases, 41.0%). A total of 148 organisms were isolated from 119 (73.9%) patients. Enteric Gram-negative organisms (36 patients) were the most common pathogen, followed by Staphylococcus aureus (30 patients) and streptococci (28 patients). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was identified in 6.2% (10/161) of patients. Of 37 enteric Gram-negative isolates tested, 26 (70.3%) isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone. The in-hospital mortality rate was 22.4%. Intensive care unit admission, septic shock, and Gram-negative organism infections were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality, and surgery was not a favorable prognostic factor. Conclusions As initial empirical antibiotics, glycopeptides against MRSA and broad-spectrum antibiotics against third-generation cephalosporin-resistant organisms should be considered for patients with community-onset NF in Korea.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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