FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SUCCESSFUL MAINTENANCE OF EUTHYROIDISM AFTER LOBECTOMY IN PATIENTS WITH PAPILLARY THYROID MICROCARCINOMA: A SINGLE-CENTER STUDY
- Ha, Tae Kwun; Kim, Dong Wook; Park, Ha Kyoung; Lee, Yoo Fin; Jung, Soo Fin; Baek, Hye Fin
- Issue Date
- AMER ASSOC CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS
- ENDOCRINE PRACTICE, v.25, no.10, pp.1035 - 1040
- Journal Title
- ENDOCRINE PRACTICE
- Start Page
- End Page
- Objective: This study aimed to evaluate factors influencing the successful maintenance of postoperative euthyroidism in patients who did not undergo immediate thyroid hormone replacement after lobectomy for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). Methods: From September 2015 to June 2017, 186 patients underwent lobectomy for PTMC in our hospital. Patients taking medications for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism before and after lobectomy were excluded. Multiple parameters, including sex, age, pre-operative free thyroxine (T4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin (TG), and thyroid autoantibody levels, body mass index (BMI), postoperative histopathology of the thyroid gland, remnant thyroid gland volume, and session number of levothyroxine discontinuation were retrospectively evaluated. These factors were compared between groups based on the maintenance of postoperative euthyroidism. Results: In 88 of the 175 patients (503%), postoperative euthyroidism was successfully maintained without thyroid hormone replacement during the first year after lobectomy. There were significant differences in sex (P = .003), pre-operative TSH levels (P = .002), and histopathology of the thyroid gland (P = .035) between the groups showing maintenance success and failure. The group showing successful maintenance had a higher percentage of male patients, lower levels of pre-operative TSH, and normal parenchymal histology of the thyroid gland. However, there were no significant between-group differences in age, pre-operative free T4, TG, and thyroid autoantibody levels, BMI, remnant thyroid gland volume, and session number of levothyroxine discontinuation. Conclusion: Patient sex, pre-operative TSH levels, and histopathology of the thyroid gland may influence the maintenance of postoperative euthyroidism after lobectomy.
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