Anatomical characterization and LC-MS profiling of Adenophora roots from Koreaopen access
- Park, Woo Sung; Kim, Hye-Jin; Choe, Su Jin; Khalil, Atif Ali Khan; Akter, Kazi-Marjahan; Shin, Meong Cheol; Chung, Hye-Jin; Park, Jong Hee; Ahn, Mi-Jeong
- Issue Date
- SOC BRASILEIRA FARMACOGNOSIA
- Sasam; Inner morphological; Chemical analysis; Shashenoside I
- REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY, v.29, no.6, pp.695 - 701
- Journal Title
- REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE FARMACOGNOSIA-BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOGNOSY
- Start Page
- End Page
- "Sasam" is a crude drug that is defined in the in Korean Herbal Pharmacopoeia as the root of Adenophora triphylla var. japonica (Regel.) Hara or A. stricta Miq., Campanulaceae. The dried roots of the Adenophora spp. are available in markets, and the roots of various species are similar to each other in shape, making it difficult to distinguish one from another using only the outer morphological appearance. Therefore, the present study aimed to establish quality control parameters for pharmacognostic evaluation and differentiation of five Adenophora species and two varieties grown in Korea. Inner morphological evaluation of the root of these plants was accomplished and preliminary chemical analysis was performed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling. As a result, significant differences among samples were found in anatomical characteristics such as number and thickness of cork layer, existence of stone cell in cork layer, frequency of vessels, and area of intercellular space. Significant differences were found among the samples in the content of three components including shashenoside I and a new alkyl glycoside, adenophoroside I. These findings could provide the scientific criteria for the proper identification and establishment of standards for the use of "Sasam". (C) 2019 Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.
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