Effect of straw incorporation on methane emission in rice paddy: conversion factor and smart straw managementopen access
- Song, Hyeon Ji; Lee, Jin Ho; Jeong, Hyun-Cheol; Choi, Eun-Jung; Oh, Taek-Keun; Hong, Chang-Oh; Kim, Pil Joo
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER SINGAPORE PTE LTD
- Greenhouse gas; Methane intensity; Straw application; Low land
- APPLIED BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, v.62, no.1
- Journal Title
- APPLIED BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
- Straw incorporation is strongly recommended in rice paddy to improve soil quality and mitigate atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), via increasing soil organic carbon (SOC) stock. However, straw application significantly increased methane (CH4) emission during rice cultivation, and then its incorporation area was not expanded effectively. To find the reasonable straw management practice which can reduce CH4 emission without productivity damage, the effect of straw incorporation season and method on CH4 emission was investigated at six different textured paddy fields in South Korea for 2 years. A straw was applied right after rice harvesting in autumn, and the other right before rice transplanting in spring. In the autumn application, straw was applied with two different methods: spreading over soil surface or mixing with soil. Straw application significantly increased seasonal CH4 flux by average 28-122% over 197-590 kg CH4 ha(-1) of the no-straw, but its flux showed big difference among straw applications. Fresh straw application before transplanting increased seasonal CH4 flux by approximately 120% over the no-straw, but the autumn application reduced its CH4 flux by 24-43% over 509-1407 kg CH4 ha(-1) of the spring application. In particular, the seasonal CH4 flux was approximately 24% lower in straw mixing with soil after autumn harvesting than 423-855 kg CH4 ha(-1) in straw spreading over surface. However, CH4 fluxes were not significantly discriminated by soil and meteorological properties in the selected condition. Straw application slightly increased rice grain yield by approximately 4% over the no-straw, but rice productivity was not statistically different among straw applications. Spring straw application increased CH4 intensity which means seasonal CH4 flux per grain yield by the maximum 220% over the no-straw. Autumn straw application significantly decreased CH4 intensity by average 24-65% over the spring straw application. In particular, CH4 intensity in straw mixing with soil treatment was not statistically different with the no-straw. Therefore, autumn straw application with mixing inner soil could be a reasonable straw management practice to decrease CH4 emission impact with improving soil productivity.
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