Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Self-Burial Mechanism of Pipeline with Spoiler under Steady Flow Conditionsopen access
- Lee, Woo-Dong; Jo, Hyo-Jae; Kim, Han-Sol; Kang, Min-Jun; Jung, Kwang-Hyo; Hur, Dong-Soo
- Issue Date
- pipeline with spoiler; self-burial; local scour; down force; Navier-Stokes solver
- JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, v.7, no.12
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF MARINE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
- Herein, hydraulic model experiments and numerical simulations were performed to understand the self-burial mechanism of subsea pipelines with spoilers under steady flow conditions. First, scour characteristics and self-burial functions according to the spoiler length-to-pipe diameter ratio (S/D) were investigated through hydraulic experiments. Further, the Navier-Stokes solver was verified. The experimental values of the velocity at the bottom of the pipeline with a spoiler and the pressure on the sand foundation where the pipeline rested were represented with the degree of conformity. Scour characteristics of a sand foundation were investigated from the numerical analysis results of the velocity and vorticity surrounding the pipelines with spoilers. The compilation of results from the hydraulic experiment and numerical analysis showed that the projected area increased when a spoiler was attached to the subsea pipes. This consequently increased the velocity of fluid leaving the top and bottom of the pipe, and high vorticity was formed within and above the sand foundation. This aggravated scouring at the pipe base and increased the top and bottom asymmetry of the dynamic pressure field, which developed a downward force on the pipeline. These two primary effects acting simultaneously under steady flow conditions explained the self-burial of pipelines with a spoiler attachment.
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- 해양과학대학 > 해양토목공학과 > Journal Articles
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