A simple approach to estimate coastal soil salinity using digital camera images
- Xu, Lu; Viscarra Rossel, Raphael A.; Lee, Juhwan; Wang, Zhichun; Ma, Hongyuan
- Issue Date
- CSIRO PUBLISHING
- coastal soil salinity; colour component; digital camera; random forest
- SOIL RESEARCH, v.58, no.8, pp.737 - 747
- Journal Title
- SOIL RESEARCH
- Start Page
- End Page
- Soil salinisation is a global problem that hinders the sustainable development of ecosystems and agricultural production. Remote and proximal sensing technologies have been used to effectively evaluate soil salinity over large scales, but research on digital camera images is still lacking. In this study, we propose to relate the pixel brightness of soil surface digital images to the soil salinity information. We photographed the surface of 93 soils in the field at different times and weather conditions, and sampled the corresponding soils for laboratory analyses of soil salinity information. Results showed that the pixel digital numbers were related to soil salinity, especially at the intermediate and higher brightness levels. Based on this relationship, we employed random forest (RF) and partial least-squares regression (PLSR) to model soil salt content and ion concentrations, and applied root mean squared error, coefficient of determination and Lin's concordance correlation coefficient to evaluate the accuracy of models. We found that ions with high concentration were estimated more accurately than ions with low concentrations, and RF models performed overall better than PLSR models. However, the method is only suitable for bare land of coastal soil, and verification is needed for other conditions. In conclusion, a new approach of using digital camera images has good potential to predict and manage soil salinity in the context of precision agriculture with the rapid development of unmanned aerial vehicles.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 스마트농산업학과 > Journal Articles
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