Relationship between smartphone use time, sitting time, and fitness level in university studentsopen access
- Yoo, J.-I.; Cho, J.; Baek, K.-W.; Kim, M.-H.; Kim, J.-S.
- Issue Date
- Korean Society of Exercise Physiology
- Physical activity; Physical fitness; Sitting time; Smartphone; University student
- Exercise Science, v.29, no.2, pp.170 - 177
- Journal Title
- Exercise Science
- Start Page
- End Page
- PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of smartphone use time, sitting time, and fitness level in university students. METHODS: The participants of this study were 237 healthy university students (157 males and 80 females) enrolled from 2017 to 2018. The smartphone use time was divided into three groups: 0-4, ≥4-10, and ≥10 hours, as was the sitting time: 0-4, 4-7, and ≥7 hours. Binary logistic regression was used to calculate the odd ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the smartphone use time and sitting time for having low levels of fitness. RESULTS: There were linear decreases in physical fitness levels across incremental smartphone use time and sitting time. Compared to the smartphone use time for 0-4 hours (reference), smartphone use time for the ≥4-10 hours (OR=2.498; 95% CI=1.007-6.197; p=.048) or the 10≥group (OR=3.516; 95% CI=1.228-10.064; p=.019) had significantly higher ORs of having lower fitness even after adjustments for age, sex, physical activity and percent body fat. Likewise, logistic regression analyses showed that those who had sitting time for ≥7 hours (OR=3.135; 95% CI=1.155-8.512; p=.025) had significantly higher ORs of having lower fitness even after adjustments for age, sex, physical activity, and percent body fat, as compared with those who had sitting time for 0-<4 hours. CONCLUSIONS: The current finding suggest that the smartphone using time and sitting time were associated with having the risk of lower level of physical fitness in university students. ? 2020 Korean Society of Exercise Physiology.
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- 사범대학 > Physical Education > Journal Articles
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