New dihydrobenzoxanthone derivatives with bacterial neuraminidase inhibitory activity isolated from Artocarpus elasticus
- Baiseitova, A.; Lee, G.; Shah, A.B.; Yoon, S.; Kim, J.H.; Lee, Y.H.; Park, K.H.
- Issue Date
- Academic Press Inc.
- Artocarpus elasticus; Bacterial neuraminidase; Dihydrobenzoxanthone
- Bioorganic Chemistry, v.127
- Journal Title
- Bioorganic Chemistry
- Artocarpus elasticus is a popular fruit tree in the tropical regions. Primary screenings of methanol extracts of the root bark confirmed its potent inhibition of bacterial neuraminidase (BNA), which plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of many microbial diseases. Assessments of the responsible phytochemicals were conducted by isolating eight compounds (1?8) and two of them (6 and 8) were identified as new compounds. Among the isolates, the dihydrobenzoxanthones attained the highest BNA inhibition with IC50 values of 0.5 ∼ 3.9 ?M. Further investigation of the inhibitory mechanism by Lineweaver-Burk plots revealed the phytochemicals to function as reversible noncompetitive inhibitors. Fluorescence quenching showed their binding affinities were highly correlated with their inhibitory potential dose-dependently. Molecular docking experiments suggested the dihydrobenzoxanthones (4 and 6) as noncompetitive inhibitors of BNA with unique interaction with Tyr435 of BNA in comparison with the mother flavonoid (7). ? 2022 Elsevier Inc.
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