A Remediation Study of Contaminated Marine Sediment through Application of Naturally Developed Oxygen Releasing CompoundA Remediation Study of Contaminated Marine Sediment through Application of Naturally Developed Oxygen Releasing Compound
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- A Remediation Study of Contaminated Marine Sediment through Application of Naturally Developed Oxygen Releasing Compound
- Md Akhte Khirul; 김범근; 조대철; 권성현
- Issue Date
- Eutrophication; Oxygen releasing compound; Bacterial community; Nutrients release; Diffusive migration
- 한국폐기물자원순환학회지, v.37, no.1, pp.9 - 18
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- Blocking the influx of nutrients from contaminated sediment and reducing terrigenous loads are essential to controleutrophication in coastal water areas. In this study, the use of an oyster-shell-based ORC (oxygen-releasing compound) wasinvestigated with respect to nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur compounds in the sediment environment.
The ORC, which was produced by pyrolyzing oyster shell powder, was found to be overoxidized and consisted of calciumperoxide. A series of experiments simulating a typical overlying water-sediment system were carried out in open-lidcylindrical columns over the fifteen-day experimental period. The elution and distribution of crucial contaminating specieswithin that system are discussed. T-N, NH4+-N, T-P, and Pi propagated with time toward the overlying water from thesediment through diffusive migration, showing a constrained increase over distance at the sediment-water interface. Thenitrate levels decreased with time, possibly due to local denitrification. Partial oxidation in a homogenized mixture ofsediment and oxidized oyster shell powder resulted in an increased DO level within the experimental time frame, whichin turn caused T-N, NH4+-N, T-P, and Pi to propagate at a lower rate than sediment without any ORC. Analyses for sulfatesand sulfides in the sediment mixed with ORC confirmed that the chemical environment changed into a more oxidized statein fifteen days. Diffusive migration, along with chemical reactions and/or adsorption, successfully explained the propagationand distribution of the concerned nutrient species resulting from the use of oyster shell powders.
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