Flexible nanoporous activated carbon cloth for achieving high H-2, CH4, and CO2 storage capacities and selective CO2/CH4 separation
- Attia, Nour F.; Jung, Minji; Park, Jaewoo; Jang, Haenam; Lee, Kiyoung; Oh, Hyunchul
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
- Activated carbon materials; Flexible nanoporous carbon cloth; H-2 and CH4 storage; Greenhouse gas; CO2/CH4 selectivity
- CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, v.379
- Journal Title
- CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
- Innovative tools are needed for the synthesis of smart, new, efficient, and safe nanoporous carbon materials for energy gas storage. Here, a flexible nanoporous activated carbon cloth was developed. Polypyrrole nanoparticles were polymerized in dispersed form on commercial viscose rayon cloth fiber surfaces. Then, the material was carbonized and activated by physical and chemical activation methods applied individually. Chemical activation conditions were varied and optimized. This produced a high porosity flexible nanoporous carbon textile with a surface area of similar to 2000 m(2) g(-1), total pore volume of 0.85 cm(3) g(-1), and high nitrogen content. The new flexible nanoporous carbon cloth achieved superior H-2 and CH4 storage capacities and CO2 capture compared to so-farreported activated carbon cloth, and values were comparable to or higher than those reported for powder activated carbons. Excess H-2 uptake values were 4.0 and 0.173 wt% at 77 K and 298 K at 20 bar, respectively, and CH4 storage amounted to 7.5 mmol g(-1) at 20 bar and 298 K, which is among the highest reported values for porous carbon materials. CO2 uptake values were 4.2 and 14.3 mmol g(-1) at 1 and 20 bar at 298 K, respectively, which are values superior to those previously reported for activated carbon cloth. Hence, the flexible nanoporous activated carbon cloth is effective for greenhouse gas (i.e., CO2) uptake during post- and pre-combustion conditions. Separation selectivity for CO2/CH4 binary mixtures was evaluated based on the ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) model and a high value of 15.9 was achieved.
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- 융합기술공과대학 > Department of Energy Engineering > Journal Articles
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