Aqueous humor and serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels in patients with cataractsopen access
- Cho, Min-Chul; Kim, Rock-Bum; Ahn, Ja-Young; Yoo, Woong-Sun; Kim, Seong-Jae
- Issue Date
- 25-hydroxyvitamin D; Aqueous humor; Cataract
- BMC OPHTHALMOLOGY, v.20, no.1
- Journal Title
- BMC OPHTHALMOLOGY
- BackgroundSerum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels are associated with various pathologic ocular conditions. Few studies have assessed 25 (OH) D concentrations in non-serum specimens, and none to date has assessed 25 (OH) D concentrations in human aqueous humor and their association with ocular diseases. This study investigated the possible correlations between 25 (OH) D concentrations in aqueous humor and serum and whether vitamin D concentrations in aqueous humor were associated with cataract.MethodsThis study prospectively enrolled 136 patients, including 87 with senile cataract and 49 with diabetic cataract, who underwent cataract surgery from January to November 2017. 25 (OH) D was measured in aqueous humor and serum specimens collected from all patients, and their correlation was analyzed statistically. Clinical and laboratory data, including the results of ophthalmologic examinations, were compared in the two groups of cataract patients.ResultsNo correlation was observed between 25 (OH) D concentrations in aqueous humor and serum (P=0.381). 25 (OH) D concentrations in aqueous humor were significantly higher in patients with diabetic than senile cataract (P=0.006). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the adjusted odds ratio for diabetic cataract for the highest compared with the lowest quartile of 25 (OH) D concentration in aqueous humor was 4.36ng/ml (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.33-14.34ng/ml; P=0.015). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that 25(OH) D concentration in aqueous humor was 2.68ng/ml (95% CI: 0.34-5.01ng/ml; P=0.025) higher in patients with diabetic than senile cataract.Conclusions25(OH) D concentrations in aqueous humor and serum did not correlate with each other. Higher 25(OH) D level in aqueous humor was associated with diabetic cataract. These findings suggest that studies of vitamin D levels in patients with ocular conditions should include measurements of vitamin D levels in aqueous humor.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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