Anxiety disorders in outpatient clinics of epilepsy in tertiary care hospitals: A meta-analysisopen access
- Yang, Tae-Won; Kim, Do-Hyung; Kim, Young-Soo; Kim, Juhyeon; Kwon, Oh-Young
- Issue Date
- W B SAUNDERS CO LTD
- Epilepsy; Anxiety disorders; Prevalence; Psychological interview; Meta-analysis
- SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY, v.75, pp.34 - 42
- Journal Title
- SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY
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- End Page
- Background and purpose: Although anxiety disorders (ADs) occur frequently in people with epilepsy (PWE) and impair quality of life and treatment outcomes, current efforts to categorize and investigate AD subtypes in PWE remain insufficient. Thus, the present meta-analysis aimed to determine the current prevalence rates of any AD type and various AD subtypes in PWE managed by outpatient clinics. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and SCOPUS were searched to identify and select studies that assessed the prevalence of ADs or individual AD subtypes in adult PWE under the routine care of outpatient epilepsy clinics in tertiary hospitals. Only studies that used gold-standard diagnostic tools for assessing ADs were included in this meta-analysis. Results: The database search ultimately identified 15 studies, of which 9 provided current prevalence rates of any type of AD. The pooled estimated prevalence of any AD was 26.1 %. Of the 15 total studies, 13 provided current prevalence rates of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), revealing an overall estimated prevalence of 18.2 %. In terms of current prevalence rates, GAD was highest, followed by agoraphobia, social phobia, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Conclusions: Among PWE managed in the outpatient epilepsy clinics of tertiary care hospitals, the current prevalence of any AD was 26.1 %, and GAD was the most prevalent subtype of AD.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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