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Estimation of the Highest Thermoelectric Performance of the Bi-Doped SnTe at Room Temperature; [Bi 도핑에 따른 SnTe의 상온 최대 열전성능지수 예측]open access

Authors
Lee, JoonhaPark, HyunjinKim, Jeong-YeonSeo, Won-SeonYang, HeesunAydemir, UmutKim, Se YunShin, Weon HoKim, Hyun-Sik
Issue Date
Dec-2023
Publisher
Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Keywords
density-of-states effective mass; non-degenerate mobility; Single Parabolic Band model; SnTe; weighted mobility
Citation
Journal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials, v.61, no.12, pp 915 - 922
Pages
8
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
KCI
Journal Title
Journal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Volume
61
Number
12
Start Page
915
End Page
922
URI
https://scholarworks.gnu.ac.kr/handle/sw.gnu/68967
DOI
10.3365/KJMM.2023.61.12.915
ISSN
1738-8228
2288-8241
Abstract
SnTe has drawn much attention due to its Pb-free composition along with tunable electronic and lattice structures. However, its intrinsically high defect concentration and high lattice thermal conductivity (κl) have hindered its application in devices. Recently, Bi doping at Sn-sites in Sn1-xBixTe (x = 0.0 – 0.08) has been demonstrated to be effective in improving the thermoelectric performance (zT) of SnTe. Bi doping was particularly effective in improving the Seebeck coefficient in a wide range of temperature while suppressing its κl. However, the effect of Bi doping on electronic band structure of SnTe has not been studied. Here, we applied the Single Parabolic Band (SPB) model to the room temperature electronic transport properties measurements (Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, Hall carrier concentration) and analyzed how electronic band parameters like the density-of-states effective mass (md*), non-degenerate mobility (μ0), weighted mobility (μw), and B-factor changes with a changing Bi doping content (x). As the x increases, the md* increases while μ0 decreases. As the μw depends both on md* and μ0, it peaks at x = 0.02. Lastly, the B-factor is related to the ratio of μw to κl, due to significantly decreasing κl at high x, the B-factor also becomes the highest at x = 0.08. Based on the B-factor of x = 0.08 sample, the highest theoretical zT of 0.31 is predicted using the SPB model. This is approximately 2.2 times higher than the experimental zT (~0.139) reported in literature at 300 K. The SPB model also guides us that the highest theoretical zT of 0.31 can be achieved if its Hall carrier concentration is tuned to 9.06 × 1018 cm-3 Copyright © The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials.
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공과대학 > Department of Materials Science & Engineering, major in Ceramic Engineering > Journal Articles

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