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Kikuchi-fujimoto Disease in the Axilla after COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case Report

Authors
Cho, EunBaek, Hye JinBae, KyungsooJeon, Kyung NyeoMoon, Jin IlPark, Sung EunLee, Han ShinAn, Hyo Jung
Issue Date
Jun-2024
Publisher
Bentham Science Publishers
Keywords
Axilla; COVID-19 vaccines; Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis; Kikuchi-Fujimoto’s disease; Lymphadenopathy; Ultrasonography
Citation
Current Medical Imaging, v.20
Indexed
SCOPUS
Journal Title
Current Medical Imaging
Volume
20
URI
https://scholarworks.gnu.ac.kr/handle/sw.gnu/68834
DOI
10.2174/1573405620666230620115956
ISSN
1573-4056
1875-6603
Abstract
Background: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a rare, self-limiting inflammatory condition of unknown etiology that is characterized by fever and painful lymphadenopathy. KFD commonly involves the posterior cervical region and very rarely occurs in the axilla. Case Presentation: We report on a case of KFD that presented 3 weeks after receiving the messenger ribonucleic acid-based coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine. In this case, we suspected the lesions as COVID-19 vaccination-related lymphadenopathy on the initial ultrasonographic examination. Conclusion: Through this case report, we highlight that KFD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with axillary lymphadenopathy who have undergone COVID-19 vaccination, as unusual side effects of COVID-19 vaccination have been increasingly reported in the literature owing to the rapid development of various COVID-19 vaccines during the pandemic period. In addition, we emphasize the importance of clinical suspicion in diagnosing KFD due to the fact that axillary involvement of KFD is extremely rare. © 2024 The Author(s).
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