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Expediting High-Yield Mxene Carbides and Nitrides Synthesis for Next-Generation 2D Materials

Authors
Qureshi, NilamChoi, Chang-HoDoh, Jaehyeok
Issue Date
Dec-2023
Publisher
John Wiley and Sons Inc
Keywords
2D MXene multilayers; FESEM; hydro-solvothermal route; XPS spectroscopy
Citation
Advanced Materials Technologies
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
Journal Title
Advanced Materials Technologies
URI
https://scholarworks.gnu.ac.kr/handle/sw.gnu/68825
DOI
10.1002/admt.202301611
ISSN
2365-709X
Abstract
This research aims to enhance MXene (Ti3C2Tx) synthesis from MAX phases (Ti3AlC2) through a hydro-solvothermal exfoliation process, with a focus on reducing time and temperature requirements. Prior hydrothermal studies have encountered challenges due to high reaction temperatures. In comparison to previous research, this work achieves superior results at lower temperatures. Two optimized MXene preparation routes are investigated and the etchant's impact on MXene surface chemistry is analyzed. Comprehensive X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) analyses provide insights into hydrosolvothermal synthesis (H-Ti3C2Tx) multilayers(ML), confirming/challenging recent spectroscopic assignments. Remarkably, hydro-solvothermal treatment induces significant changes in surface composition, increasing hydroxyl (─OH) groups without oxidation and reducing fluorine (─F) groups on the H- Ti3C2Tx surface. These study's results hold promise for applications in energy storage and electromagnetic wave shielding. This research accomplishes three main objectives: i) secures hydrothermal synthesis of two- dimensional (2D) MXenes, ii) efficiently utilizes lithium fluroide- hydrochloric acid (LiF−HCl) etching for high-quality MXene flakes with minimal defects, and iii) understands hydro-solvothermal kinetics. This approach advances MXene synthesis with enhanced material quality and production efficiency (>98%), in a more eco-friendly and safer manner. This eco-conscious synthesis underscores MXene's versatility and eco-friendly methods' significance, reshaping MXene exploration and sustainable material synthesis, with potential implications for future electrochemical applications. © 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.
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융합기술공과대학 > 기계소재융합공학부 > Journal Articles
공학계열 > Dept.of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology > Journal Articles

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Doh, Jae Hyeok
우주항공대학 (항공우주공학부)
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