Synergistic Effect of NaCl Pretreatment and PVP on Browning Suppression and Callus Induction from Petal Explants of Paeonia Lactiflora Pall. 'Festival Maxima'open access
- Cai, Xuan; Wei, Hao; Liu, Chen; Ren, Xiuxia; Luc The Thi; Jeong, Byoung Ryong
- Issue Date
- Tissue culture; herbaceous peony; phenolic; phenylalanin ammonia-lyase (PAL); polyphenol oxidase (PPO)
- PLANTS-BASEL, v.9, no.3
- Journal Title
- Browning is prevalent in tissue cultures of Paeonia lactiflora Pall. (herbaceous peony), and severely affects and restricts the growth and differentiation of the explants. In this study, dipping excised explants in a sodium chloride (NaCl) solution as a pretreatment, adding polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) to the culture medium, storing planted explants at 4 degrees C for 24 h, and transferring planted explants to a new medium after 24 h were considered as browning-suppression methods in tissue cultures of herbaceous peony 'Festival Maxima'. The treated petal explants were cultured in a culture room with a 16-hour photoperiod, 25 degrees C temperature, and 80% relative humidity in darkness for 4 to 8 weeks. The results demonstrated that dipping excised explants in a 0.5 g center dot L-1 NaCl solution, adding 0.5 g center dot L-1 PVP to the medium, storing planted explants at 4 degrees C for 24 h, and transferring planted explants to the same fresh medium after 24 h could effectively inhibit browning. Adding PVP to the medium led to the greatest browning suppression percentage of 95%. Storing planted explants at 4 degrees C for 24 h reduced the effectiveness of other treatments in suppressing browning. After 8 weeks, dipping excised explants in a NaCl solution resulted in the highest callus induction percentage of 75%, while storing explants at 4 degrees C for 24 h suppressed callus formation. It was observed in all treatments that decreases in browning was accompanied with higher levels of phenols and lower activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and polyphenoloxidase (PPO). Overall, the results suggest that dipping in a NaCl solution was effective in alleviating the browning issues of herbaceous peony tissue cultures, and had positive synergistic effects with PVP on browning suppression and callus induction.
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