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Litterfall and element fluxes in secondary successional forests of South Koreaopen access

Authors
Carayugan, Mark BryanAn, Ji YoungHan, Si HoPark, Byung Bae
Issue Date
Dec-2023
Publisher
Elsevier B.V.
Keywords
Biogeochemistry; Carbon cycling; Cool-temperate forest; Element flux; Nutrient cycling; Secondary succession
Citation
Ecological Indicators, v.156
Indexed
SCIE
SCOPUS
Journal Title
Ecological Indicators
Volume
156
URI
https://scholarworks.gnu.ac.kr/handle/sw.gnu/68785
DOI
10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.111096
ISSN
1470-160X
1872-7034
Abstract
Determining litterfall and corresponding element fluxes is valuable in understanding productivity and biogeochemical cycling in floristically distinct secondary successional zones. Secondary-growth forests form a major portion of the cool-temperate forests of South Korea following decades of severe disturbance and intensive rehabilitation efforts. This study monitored the total and fraction-specific litterfall mass, element flux, and nutrient use efficiency patterns of a secondary-growth broadleaf deciduous forest (hereafter, BDFA) and compared these values in forests with contrasting sub-canopy compositions (BDFB) and with coniferous evergreen forests (CEF). Mean annual total litterfall mass was uniform across stands at a range of 871.5 g m−2 yr−1 to 990.2 g m−2 yr−1. Litterfall mass of seed, bark, and miscellaneous fractions varied per stand (p < 0.05 for seed; p < 0.01 for bark and miscellaneous). A pronounced unimodal litterfall peak was detected for all stands, with total litterfall responding positively to relative humidity but negatively to windspeed and solar radiation. Coniferous evergreen litter contained higher C but lower macronutrients relative to broadleaf deciduous litter. Macronutrient fluxes ranged from 156.2 to 183.9 kg ha−1 yr−1, with broadleaf stands having significantly higher K and Ca rates. Macronutrients were returned in all stands in the order of N > Ca > K > Mg > P, whereas NUE followed a reverse sequence. NUE in CEF was higher than BDFA and BDFB for all macronutrients, reflecting the distinct biomass allocation and nutrient utilization strategies between conifers and broadleaves. In temperate secondary-growth forests, nutrient cycling via litterfall is substantiated primarily by litterfall quantity and secondarily by litter element concentration. Our findings have important implications for elucidating forest litter ecology and improving sustainable management practices in secondary successional forests. © 2023 The Author(s)
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농업생명과학대학 > 환경산림과학부 > Journal Articles

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