Modulation of the Metal(loid) Specificity of Whole-Cell Bioreporters by Genetic Engineering of ZntR Metal-Binding Loopsopen access
- Kim, Hyojin; Jang, Geupil; Kim, Bong-Gyu; Yoon, Youngdae
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
- Heavy metals; protein engineering; whole-cell bioreporter; ZntR; metal-binding loop
- JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.30, no.5, pp.681 - 688
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Bacterial cell-based biosensors, or whole-cell bioreporters (WCBs), are an alternative tool for the quantification of hazardous materials. Most WCBs share similar working mechanisms. In brief, the recognition of a target by sensing domains induces a biological event, such as changes in protein conformation or gene expression, providing a basis for quantification. WCBs targeting heavy metal(loid)s employ metalloregulators as sensing domains and control the expression of genes in the presence of target metal(loid) ions, but the diversity of targets, specificity, and sensitivity of these WCBs are limited. In this study, we genetically engineered the metal-binding loop (MBL) of ZntR, which controls the znt-operon in Escherichia coli. In the MBL of ZntR, three Cys sites interact with metal ions. Based on the crystal structure of ZntR, MBL sequences were modified by site-directed mutagenesis. As a result, the metal-sensing properties of WCBs differed depending on amino acid sequences and the new selectivity to Cr or Pb was observed. Although there is room for improvement, our results support the use of currently available WCBs as a platform to generate new WCBs to target other environmental pollutants including metal(loid)s.
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- 농업생명과학대학 > 환경산림과학부 > Journal Articles
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