PWR/HDA9/ABI4 Complex Epigenetically Regulates ABA Dependent Drought Stress Tolerance inArabidopsisopen access
- Khan, Irfan Ullah; Ali, Akhtar; Khan, Haris Ali; Baek, Dongwon; Park, Junghoon; Lim, Chae Jin; Zareen, Shah; Jan, Masood; Lee, Sang Yeol; Pardo, Jose M.; Kim, Woe Yeon; Yun, Dae-Jin
- Issue Date
- FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
- Arabidopsis thaliana; epigenetic regulation; powerdress (PWR); HDA9; ABI4; chromatin remodeling; deacetylation; drought stress
- FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE, v.11
- Journal Title
- FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE
- Drought stress adversely affects plant growth and development and significantly reduces crop productivity and yields. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) rapidly accumulates in response to drought stress and mediates the expression of stress-responsive genes that help the plant to survive dehydration. The protein Powerdress (PWR), which interacts with Histone Deacetylase 9 (HDA9), has been identified as a critical component regulating plant growth and development, flowering time, floral determinacy, and leaf senescence. However, the role and function of PWR and HDA9 in abiotic stress response had remained elusive. Here we report that a complex of PWR and HDA9 interacts with ABI4 and epigenetically regulates drought signaling in plants. T-DNA insertion mutants ofPWRandHDA9are insensitive to ABA and hypersensitive to dehydration. Furthermore, the expression of ABA-responsive genes (RD29A,RD29B, andCOR15A) is also downregulated inpwrandhda9mutants. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that PWR and HDA9 interact with ABI4. Transcript levels of genes that are normally repressed by ABI4, such asCYP707A1,AOX1aandACS4, are increased inpwr. More importantly, during dehydration stress, PWR and HDA9 regulate the acetylation status of theCYP707A1, which encodes a major enzyme of ABA catabolism. Taken together, our results indicate that PWR, in association with HDA9 and ABI4, regulates the chromatin modification of genes responsible for regulation of both the ABA-signaling and ABA-catabolism pathways in response to ABA and drought stress.
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