Nomogram for prediction of lymph node metastasis in patients with superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
- Min, Byung-Hoon; Yang, Jung Wook; Min, Yang Won; Baek, Sun-Young; Kim, Seonwoo; Kim, Hong Kwan; Choi, Yong Soo; Shim, Young Mog; Choi, Yoon-La; Zo, Jae Ill
- Issue Date
- esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; esophagectomy; lymph node metastasis
- JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY, v.35, no.6, pp.1009 - 1015
- Journal Title
- JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY
- Start Page
- End Page
- Background and Aim Knowledge of lymph node metastasis (LNM) status is crucial to determine whether patients with superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) can be cured with endoscopic resection alone, without the need for additional esophagectomy. The present study aimed to identify predictive factors and develop a prediction model for LNM in patients with superficial ESCC. Methods Clinicopathologic data from 501 patients with superficial ESCC treated with radical esophagectomy were reviewed. Stepwise logistic regression analysis determined the predictors of LNM. Using these predictors, a nomogram for predicting the risk of LNM was constructed and internally validated using a bootstrap resampling method. Results LNM rates of tumors invading the lamina propria, muscularis mucosa, and SM1 layers were 3.7%, 15.5%, and 40.7%, respectively. Deep tumor invasion depth, moderately or poorly differentiated histology, and lymphovascular invasion were independent predictors of LNM. ESCC with muscularis mucosa and SM1 invasion had odds ratios of 3.635 and 11.834, respectively, compared with that for ESCC confined to the lamina propria. Large tumor size (>2.0 cm) and presence of tumor budding showed borderline significance for LNM prediction. These five variables were incorporated into a nomogram. A constructed nomogram showed good calibration and good discrimination with an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (area under the curve [AUC]) of 0.812. After bootstrapping, AUC was 0.811. Conclusions We developed a nomogram that can facilitate individualized prediction of risk of LNM in patients with superficial ESCC. This model can aid in decision-making for the need for additional esophagectomy after endoscopic resection for superficial ESCC.
- Files in This Item
- There are no files associated with this item.
- Appears in
- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
Items in ScholarWorks are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.