Inhibition of JNK Alleviates Chronic Hypoperfusion-Related Ischemia Induces Oxidative Stress and Brain Degeneration via Nrf2/HO-1 and NF-kappa B Signalingopen access
- Khan, Muhammad Sohail; Khan, Amjad; Ahmad, Sareer; Ahmad, Riaz; Rehman, Inayat U. R.; Ikram, Muhammad; Kim, Myeong Ok
- Issue Date
- HINDAWI LTD
- OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY, v.2020
- Journal Title
- OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY
- Cerebral ischemia is one of the leading causes of neurological disorders. The exact molecular mechanism related to chronic unilateral cerebral ischemia-induced neurodegeneration and memory deficit has not been precisely elucidated. In this study, we examined the effect of chronic ischemia on the induction of oxidative stress and c-Jun N-terminal kinase-associated detrimental effects and unveiled the inhibitory effect of specific JNK inhibitor (SP600125) on JNK-mediated brain degeneration in adult mice. Our behavioral, biochemical, and immunofluorescence studies revealed that chronic ischemic injuries sustained increased levels of oxidative stress-induced active JNK for a long time, whereas SP600125 significantly reduced the elevated level of active JNK and further regulated Nrf2/HO-1 and NF-kappa B signaling, which have been confirmed in vivo. Neuroinflammatory mediators and loss of neuronal cells was significantly reduced with the administration of SP600125. Ischemic brain injury caused synaptic dysfunction and memory impairment in mice. However, these were significantly improved with SP600125. On the whole, these findings suggest that elevated ROS-mediated JNK is a key mediator in chronic ischemic conditions and has a crucial role in neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, and memory dysfunction. Our findings suggest that chronic oxidative stress associated JNK would be a potential target in time-dependent studies of chronic ischemic conditions induced brain degeneration.
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