P2Y(2)R has a significant correlation with Notch-4 in patients with breast canceropen access
- Kim, Dong Chul; Jin, Hana; Lee, Jong Sil; Son, Euna; Lee, Gyeong Won; Kim, Hye Jung
- Issue Date
- SPANDIDOS PUBL LTD
- breast cancer; CSC markers; CD44; Notch-4; Oct3; 4; P2Y(2)receptor
- ONCOLOGY LETTERS, v.20, no.1, pp.647 - 654
- Journal Title
- ONCOLOGY LETTERS
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- Our previous study found that highly metastatic breast cancer cells, such as MDA-MB-231 cells, release higher levels of ATP and exhibit greater P2Y(2)receptor (P2Y(2)R) activity than lowly metastatic breast cancer cells, and that P2Y(2)R activation mediated by ATP plays a significant role in tumor progression and metastasis. In addition, we reported that radiotherapy-resistant (RT-R) breast cancer cells promote invasion and tumor growth through the activation of P2Y(2)R by ATP released from RT-R-breast cancer cells than breast cancer cells. Moreover, increased numbers of cancer stem cells (CSCs) were observed among the RT-R-breast cancer cell population. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the expression level of five CSC markers (CD24, CD44, Oct3/4, Notch-4 and ALDH1A1) as well as P2Y(2)R in the tumor tissues of patients with breast cancer and determined which CSC marker correlates with P2Y(2)R in breast cancer. According to the immunohistochemical analysis, CD44, Oct3/4 and Notch-4 but not ALDH1A1 were significantly expressed in the tumor tissues (n=180) compared with the normal epithelial tissues (n=20) of patients with breast cancer. It was demonstrated that P2Y(2)R expression was increased in tumor tissues of patients with breast cancer compared with normal epithelial tissue. Notably, it was identified that P2Y(2)R expression has a significant correlation with only the CSC marker Notch-4 in patients with breast cancer. The results of this study suggested for the first time to the best of our knowledge that Notch-4 has a notable correlation with P2Y(2)R, which has important roles in tumor progression and metastasis.
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- College of Medicine > Department of Medicine > Journal Articles
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