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Characterization of Surface-Modified Halloysite Nanotubes by Thermal Treatment Under Reducing Atmosphere

Authors
이윤기Park, K (Park, Kihyun)Lee, J (Lee, Jongseong)Chang, JH (Chang, Jeong Ho)Hwang, KH (Hwang, Kyu Hong)
Issue Date
Jul-2020
Publisher
AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
Citation
JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, v.20, no.7, pp.4221 - 4226
Indexed
SCIE
Journal Title
JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY
Volume
20
Number
7
Start Page
4221
End Page
4226
URI
https://scholarworks.bwise.kr/gnu/handle/sw.gnu/6418
ISSN
1533-4880
Abstract
In recent years, the halloysite (Al2Si2O5(OH)(4)center dot 2H(2)O) has been highlighted owing to its naturally occurring one-dimensional microstructure that enables versatile applications. Due to the demand for enhancing surface interaction, several types of research such as acid/base treatments have been conducted on the halloysite nanotubes. The objective of this study is to investigate the structural and surface properties of thermally treated halloysites under reducing atmosphere. The heat treatment is carried out in a gas-flow furnace at 400-800 degrees C under various atmosphere, e.g., ambient air, 4% H-2-balanced Ar, and 99.99% H-2. The thermal treatment of halloysites under reducing atmosphere show a similar phase transition around 500 degrees C as the heating under air. However, the halloysite reduced in pure hydrogen shows a significant increase of the zeta-potential, -36.7 mV for a 600 degrees C-treated sample, compared to the other samples. The mechanisms of the zeta -potential increase for the halloysite was also explored.
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