Metabolomics Comparison of Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) Biofluids Using Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopyopen access
- Eom, Jun Sik; Lee, Shin Ja; Kim, Hyun Sang; Choi, You Young; Kim, Sang Ho; Lee, Yoo Gyung; Lee, Sung Sill
- Issue Date
- H-1-NMR spectroscopy; biofluids; Bos taurus coreanae; Hanwoo; metabolomic profiles
- METABOLITES, v.10, no.8
- Journal Title
- The aim of this study was to identify the metabolomic profiles of rumen fluid, serum, and urine from Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae), using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (H-1-NMR) spectroscopy. In all, 189, 110, and 188 metabolites were identified in rumen fluid, serum, and urine, and 107, 49, and 99 were quantified, respectively. Organic acids, carbohydrates, and aliphatic acyclic compound metabolites were present at the highest concentrations in rumen fluid, serum, and urine, respectively. In addition, acetate, glucose, and urea were the most highly concentrated individual metabolites in rumen fluid, serum, and urine, respectively. In all, 77 metabolites were commonly identified, and 19 were quantified across three biofluids. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that the common quantified metabolites could provide relevant information about three main metabolic pathways, phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis; caffeine metabolism; and histidine metabolism. These results can be useful as reference values for future metabolomic research on Hanwoo biofluids in Korea.
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